 A  Physics of the Earth's Interior
 B  Seismology

C  Geomagnetism
C112, C111, C110, C109, C108, C107, C106, C105, C104, C103, C102, C101, C100, C99, C98, C97, C96, C95, C94, C93, C92, C91, C90, C89, C88, C87, C86, C85, C84, C83, C82, C81, C80, C79, C78, C77, C76, C75, C74, C73, C72, C71, C70, C69, C68, C67, C66, C65, C64
 D  Physics of the Atmosphere
 E  Hydrology

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G  Numerical Methods in Geophysics
 M  Miscellanea
Numerical Solutions of TwoDimensional Mass Transport Equation in Flowing Surface Waters
Volume: 404
Series: E8
The problem of water quality receives an increasing attention of the public, politicians, decision makers nowadays. People have to answer how to achieve any given level and pattern of water quality in particular watercourses and also how to mitigate the catastrophes that are inseparable elements of civilization. The EU water framework directive, which came into force at the end of 2000 (Directive, 2000), changes the way of monitoring, assessing and managing water in European countries. Three groups of quality elements (biological, hydromorphological and physicochemical) have been identified in the water framework directive as necessary to classify the ecological status of a particular water body.
MONOGRAPHIC VOLUME
CONTENTS
1. Introduction, ...1
2. Mass transport in open channels, ...7
2.1 Introduction, ...7
2.2 Physical bases for modeling mass transport in open channels, ...8
2.3 Twodimensional equation of mass transport, ...16
2.4 Dispersion coefficients, ...18
2.5 Solving 2D transport equation, ...20
3. Simplifications of 2D mass transport equation, ...23
3.1 Introduction, ...23
3.2 Determination of the dispersion tensor coefficients, ...24
3.3 Computational tests, ...29
4. Numerical methods for 2D transport equation, ...45
4.1 Introduction, ...45
4.2 Finite difference method, ...46
4.3 Discretization of 2D transport equation, ...49
4.4 Initial and boundary conditions, ...65
5. Properties of considered numerical schemes, ...67
5.1 Introduction, ...67
5.2 Accuracy  truncation error, ...68
5.3 Computation speed and stability, ...89
6. Description of RivMix Model, ...97
6.1 Introduction, ...97
6.2 Simulation parameters, ...97
6.3 Algorithm, ...99
7. Model verification, ...105
7.1 Introduction, ...105
7.2 Wide rectangular channel, ...105
7.3 Laboratory compound channel, ...117
8. Concluding remarks, ...129
Appendix A. 2D transport equation, ...133
Appendix B. Difference operators used in the book, ...135
Appendix C. Dispersion tensor simplifications, ...137
Appendix C.1 Instantaneous release of solute, ...137
Appendix C.2 Continuous inflow of solute, ...148
Appendix D. Boundary conditions, ...159
Appendix E. Modified equation, ...171
List of symbols, ...175
List of acronyms, ...179
List of figures, ...181
List of tables, ...186
References, ...189
Index, ...198